Egypt announced that it had submitted a request to the United Nations Security Council on the Ethiopian Renaissance Dam in which it called on the Council to intervene in order to emphasize the importance of the three countries Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan continuing to negotiate in good faith in implementation of their obligations in accordance with the rules of international law, and in order to reach a fair and balanced solution to the issue of the Ethiopian Renaissance Dam .
Egypt demanded that no unilateral measures be taken that might affect the chances of reaching an agreement.
Egypt’s speech to the Security Council was based on Article 35 of the United Nations Charter, which permits member states to alert the Council to any crisis that would threaten international peace and security.
The Egyptian Foreign Ministry stated that it took this decision in light of the stalled negotiations that took place recently on the Renaissance Dam as a result of the Ethiopian positions that are not positive and that come within the framework of the continuous approach in this regard over a decade of painstaking negotiations.
She added that this “intransigence” emerged from many tripartite negotiating rounds, as well as negotiations held in Washington under the auspices of the United States and the participation of the World Bank, which resulted in reaching an agreement that takes into account the interests of the three countries and was rejected by Ethiopia, leading to the last round of negotiations that Sudan called for and made during Estimated efforts to reach a fair and balanced agreement that takes into account the interests of all parties.
Egypt confirmed that all of these efforts were stalled due to “lack of political will in Ethiopia”, and its insistence on continuing to fill the Renaissance Dam unilaterally in violation of the Declaration of Principles Agreement signed between the three countries on March 23, 2015, which stipulates the need for the three countries to agree on rules for filling and operating The Renaissance Dam, obliging Ethiopia not to cause major harm to the two downstream countries.
Egypt reaffirmed its eagerness to reach an agreement that meets the interests of the three countries and does not impinge upon any of them, which prompted them to engage in successive rounds of negotiations in good faith and sincere political will.
The Egyptian Foreign Ministry stated that, in this spirit, and in view of the existential issue of the Nile waters for the people of Egypt, Egypt has asked the Security Council to intervene and assume its responsibilities to avoid any form of tension and maintain international peace and security.
The Egyptian Ministry of Irrigation revealed a few days ago the details of the dispute with Ethiopia over the Renaissance Dam, during the recent negotiations, which took place under Sudanese auspices.
Mohamed Abdel-Aty, Minister of Water Resources and Egyptian Irrigation, stated that the negotiations for the Renaissance Dam, which were conducted over the past period, did not achieve any significant progress, due to what he described as Ethiopian stubborn positions on the technical and legal sides, as Ethiopia refused during the discussion of legal aspects that the three countries conclude an agreement Binding according to international law.
He said that Ethiopia has stuck to reaching just guidelines that can be amended individually, as well as seeking an absolute right to establish projects in the upper reaches of the Blue Nile.
He stated that Ethiopia objected to the inclusion in the agreement of effective measures to cope with the drought.
The Egyptian Minister of Irrigation stated that despite the long term negotiations for nearly a full decade, Egypt has engaged in the last round of negotiations that Sudan has called for in good faith in an effort to exhaust and explore all avenues available to reach a fair and balanced agreement on the Renaissance Dam, in a way that secures Ethiopia Achieving its development goals from this project, while reducing, at the same time, the negative impacts and damages that this dam may have on my downstream country.
He said that Ethiopia, at the end of the meetings of the irrigation ministers, objected to a proposal that the matter be referred to the prime ministers of the three countries as a last chance to consider the reasons for the stalled negotiations and the search for solutions to the issues in dispute, which led to the end of the negotiations.
The Sudanese Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation has announced the continuation of differences, especially in the legal aspects, noting that Khartoum is the most affected by the Renaissance Dam Project.
She emphasized that, in light of these developments, the Sudanese delegation requested that the contentious files be referred to the prime ministers of the three countries in order to reach a political consensus on them, thus providing the political will to allow negotiations to resume as soon as possible after the consultation between the irrigation ministers in the three countries.