African Sahel wars force 1.7 million people to flee


A report published by “The Economist” website warned about the issue of power struggles in the African Sahel region, and its implications for many sub-Saharan countries.

The Sahel region extends 6400 km south of the Sahara Desert, and is characterized by the absence of services from it, and that it witnessed 10 percent of deaths resulting from armed conflicts in North and West Africa during the period between 1997 and 2019.

The terrorists are consolidating their positions in that region, especially after the fall of the alleged “ISIS” state in the Middle East, where reports indicate that these extremists have regrouped in the Sahel, in cooperation with organizations such as “Al Qaeda”.

These organizations have committed atrocities against civilians with the aim of terrorizing the population in the area on the one hand, and extending their influence and controlling more land on the other hand.

According to The Economist, based on figures issued by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and the Armored Confection Location, 4,800 people were killed in battles and violence in the Sahel region last year, representing an increase of 6 times compared to 2016 , While in 2020 this number reached 3,900.

In addition to terrorist organizations, the magazine attributed the growing number of deaths in the region to brutal violence by ethnic sectarian militias, which is responsible for 17 percent of the deaths recorded in 2019.